There was throughout the feeling of a badly choreographed and poorly timed play. There were approximately twenty-five million Polish Catholics in Poland in The Catholic Church was at the same time forced to consider its own spiritual cowardice during that period and subsequently.
Fear dominated every aspect of the lives of those who were defined by the community as Jewish.
The role of the anti-Communist underground, both the Armia Krajowa AK and the nationalist Narodowe Sily Zbrojne NSZin stoking-up communal hatred and encouraging the perception that Soviet domination was tantamount to rule by Jews, should have been discussed.
Moreover, the Polish underground punished betrayal of Jews to the Nazis by death. Jews in Soviet security apparatus Having made his argument for systemic anti-Semitism in Poland, Gross then spends some chapters to establish his other major conclusion: Prazmowska, review of Fear.
If Hitler himself had cited this medieval rubbish during the Nuremberg rally he would have been ridiculed. In contrast, Gross declares that the above hypothesis is unacceptably formulated, and then accepts no argument that it could be false.
The sorrows of history multiply: Boy scouts, policemen, soldiers, mothers and fathers took part in the bloodshed and murder that occurred here. Gross concentrates on the Kielce July 4, pogrom. After World War II, this reservoir was a combustible mixture, which could be lit by anything.
Gross clearly intends his publication to generate a further debate. They saw it, not as an economic issue, not as a political issue, but as a moral failure, which touched some core of the collective being.
He has thus refused to draw a line between the anti-Semitic policies of the pre-war government and the pogrom of the post-war period by stating that Nazi policies of extermination created opportunities for Poles to improve their material lot and, consequently, an anxiety that this would be destroyed if Jews returned to reclaim their properties.
Although Poland did not produce a Quisling and all expropriations were done by the German and Soviet occupiers, nevertheless, given the fact that the Poles did not save their Jews from the Germans and did not protect their property, the sins of the grandfathers require that the current impoverished Polish state pay massive reparations to Jewish individuals and organisations representing the interests of Holocaust survivors.
When the surviving Jews returned to their hometowns in Poland after the war ended, leading Polish intellectuals were shocked and scandalized by the recurring postwar manifestations of popular anti-Semitism.
Poles ask simply to be left alone, to be freed from quasi-legal attacks by those who would keep them oppressed forever.
The invasion of Poland by Germany and Russia in September of was an unprovoked partition of the country. It should take more than postmodern sermonizing to justify the further victimization of this long-suffering nation.
Police and soldiers arrived, but instead of saving the Jews, they participated in the action against the Jews. Yet Kielce in was incomparably worse off than London after the Blitz.
He notes that the intellectuals condemned the pogroms and mistreatment of the Jews, but that the Catholic Church at best condoned these events through its failure to denounce them. The structure of his debate leaves the reader in no doubt as to their arguments, which he intends to refute through his excellent scholarship.
In an earlier book Revolution From Abroad written in his pre-postmodern days, when Gross was an associate professor at Emory, Gross carefully and with excellent documentation shows how wrong this notion was.
He further suggested that the post-war Communist government was reluctant to prosecute the perpetrators of the crimes committed against Jews. Five Polish priests tried to get to the area where the shooting was taking place and were turned back by a cordon of police that had instantly appeared around the area where the pogrom was taking place Kielce, July 4, To those of us who believe in logical conclusions based on facts, his thesis does not hold water.
It was contempt for man, for human life, plain meanness. What distinguished Poland from other West-European states was the fact that a government based on a universalist creed of equality could and did appropriate nationalist symbols and prejudices to boost its image.
Rather, it developed in the context of the Holocaust and the Communist takeover: They were greeted by a wide range of anti-Jewish practices: I wonder how much this is at the root of modern Polish anti-Semitism.
Gross treats the Kielce UB secret police as though they were led by Inspector Jane Tennyson of New Scotland Yard rather than as ruthless, highly disciplined aparachniks.
Gross clearly struggles to understand and to explain the apparent communal insensitivity to the fate of the Jewish survivors.Anti-semitism endures well after the end of the war and the destruction of all but a small population of Polish Jews.
Few writers have the courage of Prof. Gross who has endured himself the vilification of his work by many Polish citizens in denial of the truth. Fear Anti-Semitism in Poland After Auschwitz — An Essay in Historical Interpretation Jan T. Gross Random House: pp., $ By Thane Rosenbaum The son of Holocaust survivors, Thane Rosenbaum is a novelist, essayist and law professor and the author of the post-Holocaust trilogy, "The Golems of Gotham," "Second Hand Smoke" and.
Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz, an Essay in Historical Interpretation, by. D. Stola; Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland after Auschwitz, an Essay in Historical Interpretation, The English Historical Review, Volume CXXII, Issue1.
"Jan Gross's Fear is an extraordinary account and analysis of postwar Polish anti-Semitism. In many ways, this book is a sequel to Gross's celebrated Neighbors: The Destruction of the Jewish Community in Jedwabne, Poland.
Jan Gross's Fear attempts to answer a perplexing question: How was anti-Semitism possible in Poland after the war? At the center of his investigation is a detailed reconstruction of the Kielce pogrom and the reactions it evoked in /5(2).
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